Tuesday 30 Aug 2016

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RFID EMISSIONS TRACK - NFC EMISSIONS DISPLAY

For organisations it is now imperative that they measure their Carbon Footprint both enterprise-wide and increasingly to product level. Without measurement it is impossible to mitigate the environmental impact from their operations. With over 75% of an organisation’s emissions footprint coming from manufacturing and supply chain activities, this is the obvious place to start.

Increasingly there is pressure to now bring carbon output measurement to individual product level and for retailers to present this information to the consumer.
It is necessary to put in place globally a system whereby each product is not only tracked through the supply chain, but its environmental data is constantly updated at all stages from factory to shop floor.

The product’s environmental impact data will be presented to the consumer in the form of an RFID Radio frequency Identification (RFID) is standard term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity of an object wirelessly using radio waves. The identity is in the form of a unique serial number. RFID is an automatic identification technology.
The advantage of RFID over other identification technologies such as bar codes is that it is designed to enable readers to capture data on tags and transmit it to a computer system with no manual intervention
A standard RFID tag consists of a microchip attached to a radio antenna. The chip can store up to 2 kilobytes of data. Information about the particular product such as the date of manufacturer and use by date can be included on the tag.
In order to retrieve the data on the RFID tag you need a reader. A reader is also known as an interrogator as it interrogates the tag for the data stored on it. The reader then passes the data in digital format to the network.
  based Carbon Label. The consumer will be able to use their NFC (NFC) is a technology used for short-range wireless communication (typically distances of a few centimeters) between devices or devices and tags.
Near Field Communication.
Because the transmission range is limited the communication becomes inherently secure and gives the user a sense of controlling the process. NFC builds on short-range RFID technologies at 13.56 MHz and legacy smart card technologies such as MiFare. NFC devices are capable of transferring data at up to 424 Kbits/second and operating in three different modes:
As a reader/writer of passive tags (reader/writer mode)
As a contactless smart card (card emulation mode)
As a Peer-to-Peer (P2P) device (peer mode)
These modes enable different types of applications such as service discovery (read mode), payment and ticketing applications (card emulation mode), and file sharing and device pairing applications (peer mode).
Mobile Phone to communicate with the label and receive the environmental data of that particular product.

 


RFID/NFC TRACKING EMISSIONS TO PRODUCT LEVEL

As it stands today it is safe to say that both RFID Radio frequency Identification (RFID) is standard term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity of an object wirelessly using radio waves. The identity is in the form of a unique serial number. RFID is an automatic identification technology.
The advantage of RFID over other identification technologies such as bar codes is that it is designed to enable readers to capture data on tags and transmit it to a computer system with no manual intervention
A standard RFID tag consists of a microchip attached to a radio antenna. The chip can store up to 2 kilobytes of data. Information about the particular product such as the date of manufacturer and use by date can be included on the tag.
In order to retrieve the data on the RFID tag you need a reader. A reader is also known as an interrogator as it interrogates the tag for the data stored on it. The reader then passes the data in digital format to the network.
and NFC (NFC) is a technology used for short-range wireless communication (typically distances of a few centimeters) between devices or devices and tags.
Near Field Communication.
Because the transmission range is limited the communication becomes inherently secure and gives the user a sense of controlling the process. NFC builds on short-range RFID technologies at 13.56 MHz and legacy smart card technologies such as MiFare. NFC devices are capable of transferring data at up to 424 Kbits/second and operating in three different modes:
As a reader/writer of passive tags (reader/writer mode)
As a contactless smart card (card emulation mode)
As a Peer-to-Peer (P2P) device (peer mode)
These modes enable different types of applications such as service discovery (read mode), payment and ticketing applications (card emulation mode), and file sharing and device pairing applications (peer mode).
are proven technologies. It remains though to expand upon their present applications if they are to become truly ubiquitous technologies.

The problem of accurately measuring an organisation’s emissions footprint has not yet been solved, especially if you start to address this issue to the supply chain and in particular to individual products.
In order to measure a product’s carbon footprint we need to look at the “carbon lifecycle” of that specific product - from manufacturer to distributor and retailer (cradle to grave). We then need a user-friendly way of presenting this information to the consumer, who is ultimately the final decision-maker regarding the product’s environmental performance.
Globally there is a requirement with the various environmental legislations being put in place for all organisations to address this issue and also provide the consumer with the information they need to make sustainable purchasing decisions.


RFID NOT JUST LOCATION BASED DATA

RFID Radio frequency Identification (RFID) is standard term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity of an object wirelessly using radio waves. The identity is in the form of a unique serial number. RFID is an automatic identification technology.
The advantage of RFID over other identification technologies such as bar codes is that it is designed to enable readers to capture data on tags and transmit it to a computer system with no manual intervention
A standard RFID tag consists of a microchip attached to a radio antenna. The chip can store up to 2 kilobytes of data. Information about the particular product such as the date of manufacturer and use by date can be included on the tag.
In order to retrieve the data on the RFID tag you need a reader. A reader is also known as an interrogator as it interrogates the tag for the data stored on it. The reader then passes the data in digital format to the network.
has been extensively deployed by many of the world’s leading manufacturers, logistics providers and retailers, demonstrating that the infrastructure is already in place. There are a myriad of real life case studies proving the technologies credentials as to supply chain visibility. Item level tracking capabilities are also proven, so it should therefore be possible to focus this technology not only on location based data but also to collect its emissions-related data (mode of transport, refrigeration etc).

This data will then need to be stored within a Data PoolA data pool is a centralised database, where all necessary information to perform business
transactions between trading partners is stored in a standardised way.A data pool is the
common point in the communication between the trading partners, provide synchronization
capability of their data. This information is accessible to all trading partners in a common,
simple, fast and accurate manner.The information stored in a typical data pools master data
Global Trade Item Number and GLN, as well as other core attributes, necessary for the
smooth transaction of goods. For example, product description, dimensions, packaging levels,
product category, company address, minimum order volume, etc.Suppliers upload data to a
data pool, which the retailers download. This communication takes place under common rules
and standards, with the consideration of the business agreements between trading partners.
with the ability to update and access it at anytime.

On each product we need an RFID Carbon Label that can be scanned by the consumers’ NFC Mobile Phone, which then communicates over the mobile network with the Master DataMaster data, which may include reference data, is information that is key to the operation
of business and is the primary focus of the Information Technology (IT) discipline of Master
Data Management (MDM). This key business information may include data about customers,
products, employees, materials, suppliers, etc. which often turns out to be non-transactional in
nature. In this regard, master data can support transactional processes and operations, but its
use is certainly not limited to such (analytics/reporting is another area greatly dependent on an
organization's master data). Master data is often used by several functional groups and stored
in different data systems across an organization and may or may not be referenced centrally;
therefore, the possibility exists for duplicate and/or inaccurate master data.Thus Master Data
is that persistent, non-transactional data that defines a business entity for which there is, or
should be, an agreed upon view across the organization.
being held in the Data PoolA data pool is a centralised database, where all necessary information to perform business
transactions between trading partners is stored in a standardised way.A data pool is the
common point in the communication between the trading partners, provide synchronization
capability of their data. This information is accessible to all trading partners in a common,
simple, fast and accurate manner.The information stored in a typical data pools master data
Global Trade Item Number and GLN, as well as other core attributes, necessary for the
smooth transaction of goods. For example, product description, dimensions, packaging levels,
product category, company address, minimum order volume, etc.Suppliers upload data to a
data pool, which the retailers download. This communication takes place under common rules
and standards, with the consideration of the business agreements between trading partners.
. The consumer will then be able to receive to their mobile phone the environmental impact data of that individual product.


NFC BEYOND PAYMENT AND TICKETING

NFC (NFC) is a technology used for short-range wireless communication (typically distances of a few centimeters) between devices or devices and tags.
Near Field Communication.
Because the transmission range is limited the communication becomes inherently secure and gives the user a sense of controlling the process. NFC builds on short-range RFID technologies at 13.56 MHz and legacy smart card technologies such as MiFare. NFC devices are capable of transferring data at up to 424 Kbits/second and operating in three different modes:
As a reader/writer of passive tags (reader/writer mode)
As a contactless smart card (card emulation mode)
As a Peer-to-Peer (P2P) device (peer mode)
These modes enable different types of applications such as service discovery (read mode), payment and ticketing applications (card emulation mode), and file sharing and device pairing applications (peer mode).
is a truly exciting technology already being used for payment, ticketing and access. It is also used as part of retailers loyalty schemes and there is very strong backing for its global roll-out.

However it still remains for the NFC industry to find and develope additional applications that will resonate with the consumer. One such application is now being developed by the Supply Chain Carbon Council and its Partners, whereby the consumer will be able to use their NFC Mobile Phone to get the emissions-related data of each product in the shop. This will empower the consumer to make sustainable purchasing decisions and lower their personal carbon footprint. This in turn will contribute to the EU’s goal of community-wide carbon reduction of 80% by 2050.


DATA COLLECTION

When we consider the B2B supply chain current data-collection methods cover the products to pallet level and its location at each stage in the supply chain. RFID is already extensively used in this space but it does remain to add an extra layer of data gathering to account for environmental metrics to product level.


DATA MANAGEMENT

As always the key to this type of value added application is effective data management. The environmental data collected on each product will be held in a Central Data Pool A data pool is a centralised database, where all necessary information to perform business
transactions between trading partners is stored in a standardised way.A data pool is the
common point in the communication between the trading partners, provide synchronization
capability of their data. This information is accessible to all trading partners in a common,
simple, fast and accurate manner.The information stored in a typical data pools master data
Global Trade Item Number and GLN, as well as other core attributes, necessary for the
smooth transaction of goods. For example, product description, dimensions, packaging levels,product category, company address, minimum order volume, etc.Suppliers upload data to a
data pool, which the retailers download. This communication takes place under common rules
and standards, with the consideration of the business agreements between trading partners.
. This information can be updated and accessed in real time which allows for dynamic carbon footprints to be stored and accessed. Each product will have a unique serial number in order that environmental performance can be ascribed to that particular product.


MOBILE CONTENT MANAGEMENT SERVICES

A Mobile Content Management System (MCMS) is a type of content management system capable of storing and delivering content to mobile devices. This system is vital to the successful roll-out of the type of application being developed here.


MOBILE NETWORK OPERATORS

As the environmental data related to each product will be held in a central database it will be necessary for the consumers NFC Mobile Phone to communicate directly with the master dataMaster data, which may include reference data, is information that is key to the operation
of business and is the primary focus of the Information Technology (IT) discipline of Master
Data Management (MDM). This key business information may include data about customers,
products, employees, materials, suppliers, etc. which often turns out to be non-transactional in
nature. In this regard, master data can support transactional processes and operations, but its
use is certainly not limited to such (analytics/reporting is another area greatly dependent on an
organization's master data). Master data is often used by several functional groups and stored
in different data systems across an organization and may or may not be referenced centrally;
therefore, the possibility exists for duplicate and/or inaccurate master data.Thus Master Data
is that persistent, non-transactional data that defines a business entity for which there is, or
should be, an agreed upon view across the organization.
over the mobile network. As with Data Management the mobile network operators are key to this type of value added application.

 


THE FUTURE FOR RFID/NFC

Upon completion this application space will undoubtedly be one of the major developments of the decade for RFID/NFC and retailers response to Product Carbon Labelling. Equally it will also bring more environmental awareness to manufacturing and supply chain operations and ultimately give the consumer the power to choose how they purchase their products.


CARBON OFFSETTING

When the consumer does choose the product with the lowest Carbon Footprint it still remains to offset the emissions related to the manufacture and distribution of even that low carbon product. Ideally the concept of Micro Carbon Offsets should be ascribed to each product allowing the offset of its environmental impact to be done at point of sale.

 

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